Body’s capacity to utilize oxygen for energy production and sustain it for a prolonged duration of physical activity. People of certain genetic types are better at endurance based activities than others.
Aerobic capacity (VO2 max) is the maximum capacity of our body to transport and utilize oxygen during exercise and is partially genetically influenced. People of certain genetic types are better aerobic capacities than others.
Heart Capacity is the ability of the heart to increase cardiac output to meet increased needs for oxygen during physical activity or exercise. People of certain genetic types are better heart capacities than others.
Total lung capacity, or TLC, refers to the total amount of air in the lungs after taking the deepest breath possible. People of certain genetic types have higher lung capacity than others.
Power is the rapid burst of energy observed during high intensity activities of shorter duration. People of certain genetic types are better at power based activities than others.
Hand grip strength
Muscle strength, measured by hand grip strength, is an accessible and widely used proxy of muscular fitness. People of certain genetic types have a better hand grip strength than others.
Flexibility is the ability of your joints and muscles to move freely (Range of motion). People of some genetic types have more flexibility than others.
Tendons and ligaments are dense connective tissues made of collagen or elastin fibers that run parallel to each other, creating strong cords. People of certain genetic types have a better tendon strength than others.
Tendons and ligaments are dense connective tissues made of collagen or elastin fibers that run parallel to each other, creating strong cords. Ligaments connect bone to bone to form joints, such, as knees, elbows, hips and ankles. People of certain genetic types may have stronger ligaments than others.
Certain individuals take up physical activity, while others lack motivation for it. People of certain genetic types take to physical activity more readily than others.
Likelihood of injury
Sportsmen and runners who place stress on the Achilles tendon have the greatest likelihood of muscle injury and tendinopathy. People of certain genotypes are more prone to injury than others.
Likelihood of fatigue
Do you normally feel excessively tired after exercise? If yes, the answer to this may be in the expression of certain genes in your body.
The process of exercise causes inflammation and minor tissue damage. During rest periods, the body heals and recovers from this damage. People of certain genetic types recover quickly, while others require longer periods, which influences the frequency of exercise, rehab intensity and supplementation needs.
HDL cholesterol levels with exercise
Regular exercise helps in increasing your HDL cholesterol levels. People of certain genetic types experience a greater increase in HDL levels than others.
Insulin sensitivity with exercise
Exercise generally improves your insulin sensitivity. People of certain genetic types experience greater improvements than others.
Weight loss or weight gain with exercise
Regular exercise aids in weight management via improved metabolism. People of certain genetic types may benefit more than others in terms of weight loss in response to exercise.